Construction under high temperature, how to do a good cooling concrete measures
Construction under high temperature to reduce the temperature of concrete is mainly analyzed from two aspects:
First, from the raw materials of concrete, four measures can be taken to cool the temperature.
1. Reduce the temperature of concrete by cooling the mix water of concrete.With this method, the maximum temperature drop of concrete can reach 6 ℃.However, during the construction process, it should be noted that the amount of cooling water should not exceed the demand of concrete mixing water, which is related to the humidity and proportion of concrete aggregate.
2.Use ice instead of water.For most concrete, the maximum temperature that can be lowered is 11 ℃.In order to ensure the correct proportion, the weight of ice added to the concrete should be weighed.
3.Cool the mixed concrete with liquid nitrogen.At this time, the concrete can reach the lowest limit temperature, if the concrete temperature drops within 8 ℃, the method is feasible.
4. Cooling of coarse aggregate.The effective method of coarse aggregate cooling is to spray with cold water or flush with a lot of water.As coarse aggregate occupies a large proportion in the concrete mixing process, the temperature of coarse aggregate is reduced by about 1 ℃± 0.5 ℃, and the final concrete temperature can be reduced by 0.5 ℃.
Second, under high temperature concrete construction, if it is in the external environment to take certain measures, can also be a lot of cooling concrete.Summer construction adopts "early", "late", "intermittent" to avoid high temperature construction, as far as possible to arrange indoor work.Masonry, concrete, etc. Should be covered in time, watering maintenance, to prevent the impact of the structural strength of concrete, quality.Concrete mixing should be emphasized mix ratio, water content, strict control of water-cement ratio, concrete components should be strengthened maintenance, the time is not less than seven days.Floor, ceiling, interior and exterior decoration construction should first clean the base, water moisture to ensure that the surface and the base bond.
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